Is it true that high dietary calcium intake promote weight loss?

Is it true that high dietary calcium intake promote weight loss?

Bottom Line:

High dietary calcium intake does not promote weight loss.

Review:

Although energy balance is the key element in weight regulation, several studies suggested that calcium metabolism and perhaps other components of dairy products may contribute to shifting the energy balance and thus play a role in weight regulation. In 1988 Metz et al. [1] demonstrated a reduction in body fat mass in two strains of hypertensive rats’ higher calcium intakes (in conjunction with higher sodium intake). This review discusses the effect of high dietary calcium on weight loss. Shapses et al [2] studied the effect of calcium supplementation in postmenopausal and premenopausal women with BMI ranging from 28-42 kg/m2. They found no significant differences in body weight or fat mass change between the placebo and the calcium-supplemented groups. Reid et al [3] found similar results for older women. Bowel et al [4] found similar results in overweight adults (male and female) with age range 25-64 yrs. Gunther et al [5] found similar results in young women age 18-30. Berkey et al [6] found similar results in a cohort study with children age 9-14 years.

References:

  1. Metz JA, Karanja N, Torok J. Modification of total body fat in spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats by dietary calcium and sodium. Am J Hypertension 1988. 1:58-60
  2. Shapses SA, Heshka S, Heymsfield SB. Effect of Calcium Supplementation on Weight and Fat Loss in Women. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Vol 89, No 2; Feb 2004. (LOE 1)
  3. Reid IR, Horne A, Mason B. Effects of Calcium Supplementation on Body Weight and Blood Pressure in Normal Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Vol 90, No 7; July 2005. (LOE 1)
  4. Bowen J, Noakes M and Clifton P M. Effect of calcium and dairy foods in high protein, energy-restricted diets on weight loss and metabolic parameters in overweight adults. International Journal of Obesity (2005) 29, 957−965. (LOE 1)
  5. Gunther CW, Legowski PA, Lyle RM, McCabe GP, Eagan MS, Peacock M, Teegarden D. Dairy products do not lead to alterations in body weight or fat mass in young women in a 1-y intervention. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Apr;81(4):751-6 (LOE 1)
  6. Berkey CS, Rockett HRH. Milk, Daily Fat, Dietary Calcium, and Weight Gain – A Longitudinal Study of Adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005; 159: 543-550 (reviewed by Jennifer Procopio) (LOE 2)

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